Constitution Questions & Answers (Compiled from UPSC, SSC ,PSC ,IBPS previous question papers)

  • Which one of the following statements about Electoral Government in India is not correct?

  • AThe superintendence ,direction and control of elections are vested in Election Commission of India
  • BThere is one electoral roll for every territorial constituency
  • CThe Parliament has the power to make laws relating to delimitation of constituencies
  • DThe Supreme Court of India has the authority to scrutinize the validity of a law relating to delimitation of constituencies
  • There is a Parliamentary System of Government in India because the

  • ALok Sabha is elected directly by the people
  • BParliament can amend the Constitution
  • CRajya Sabha cannot be dissolved
  • DCouncil of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha
  • Explanation:

    A parliamentary system of government is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament). So, the executive (council of ministers) being responsible to Lok Sabha (part of Parliament) is why we have a Parliamentary system of Government.

  • The ideal of ‘Welfare State’ in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its

  • APreamble
  • BDirective Principles of State Policy
  • CFundamental Rights
  • DSeventh Schedule
  • Explanation:

    A welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. The Directive Principles of State Policy is guidelines to the central and state governments of India, to be kept in mind while framing laws and policies.
    The concept behind DPSP is to establish a ‘Welfare State’ rather than a ‘Police State’ such as of colonial era. In other words, motive behind inclusion of DPSP is to establish social and economic democracy rather than Political democracy.

     

  • The provisions in Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to

  • Aprotect the interests of Scheduled Tribes
  • Bdetermine the boundaries between States
  • Cdetermine the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
  • Dprotect the interests of all the border States
  • Explanation:

    The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India deals with administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in these areas. The Fifth Schedule covers Tribal areas in 9 states of India namely Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa and Rajasthan.

    The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India contains provisions concerning the administration of tribal areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.