Combined Defence Services Exam - II, 2015 - English

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    A)Of all those involved   B)with the accident   C)none was seriously injured       D)No error

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    A)Radar equipments B)that is to be used C)for ships must be installed carefully   D)No error

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    A)New types of electrical circuits   B)has been developed   C)by our engineers   D)No error

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    A)Recently I visited Kashmir   B)and found the sceneries  C)to be marvellous    D)No error

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    A)It is of primary importance B)in swimming to learn   C)to breathe properly   D)No error

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    A)When the party was over B)he looked around for the girl  C)who had come with him  D)No error

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    A)After we were driving for miles  B)on the winding road  C)I was suddenly sick  D)No error

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    A)The forecast was for fair   B) and warm weather   C)and the day dawned dark and chill   D)No error

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    A)To write,to speak or to act   B)seems   C)very easy   D)No error

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    A)I have not had tea   B)since   C)two days   D)No error

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    A)Beside   B)his mother  he has two aunts   C)who stay with him  D)No error

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    A)This photograph  B)appears to be  C)the best of the two   D)No error

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    A)Either the operator  B)or the foreman  C)are to blame for the accident   D)No error

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    A)The article offers   B)good advise to   C)whomever must accept it  D)No error

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    A)She dislikes  B)you being most organized   C)than she is  D)No error

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    In the following questions,you are given a choice of three words a,b and c.Choose the best word out of three

    What a)can b)will c)must  happen to them after us?

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    This most  a)joyous  b)distressing  c) distracting question continually torments the

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    parents of these a)unethical b)unnatural c)unfortunate children

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    So they are mainly interested in a)providing  b)making c)giving some kind of vocational training for them.

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    a)But   b)Yet   c)Hence special schools for children

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    spread all a)above  b)under c)over the world,lay emphasis on vocational training

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    a)However  b)Accordingly  c)Similarly they are taught to make paper bags

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    a)dubious  b)simple  c)clumsy wall hangings etc

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    This of course is quite a)agreeable b)astute c)additional and admirable

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    But what about play and a)sport b)game c)grounds

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    Galileo used mathematical calculayion as well as observation of nature ans was the first astronomer to use a telescope.With an instrument of his own a)experiment b)construction c)calculation, Galileo observed Jupiter

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    and four of a)the b)their c)its moons,the phases of Venus and spots on the sun

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    His a)observing b)observations  c)observed and calculations confirmed that Copernicus and Kepler were right.

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    He saw a)by b)from c)with his own eyes

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    and made other people a)to see b)see c)seeing 

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    too that the earth was not the fixed centre of a)an b)a c)the universe as Ptolemy had said.

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    Galileo a)instead b)also c)therefore made some important discoveries in mechanics

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    He did not a)as legend says b)as stories say c)as people say drop cannon balls from the Leaning Tower of Pisa

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    a)having proved b)proving c)to prove that all

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    bodies fall at the a)same b)equal c)similar apeed,but he did roll balls

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    a)downside b)down over c)down a slope to show that

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    the a)track  b)distance c)path a body falls is proportionate

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    a)to b)of c)with the square of the time it takes to fall

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    Galileo also noticed the regular a)swings b)swinging c)swaying of the lamps in Pisa Cathedral

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    a)these b)this c)those  gave him the idea of the pendulum,a device that enabled him to make the clock a scientific instrument for the first time

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    Its ten o clock already.Its hime time you went home

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    The students are playing volleyball since 8am.

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    Our plans for the trip fell down because we had no money

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    None of these groups has reported accurately on the prevailing situation

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    Among the athletes undergoing training Ramesh was easily the better

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    The earth moves around the sun,isn't it?

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    Supposing if he is arrested,what will he do?

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    My students have been interesting in learning French

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    Hardly I had fallen asleep,when the doorbell rang

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    These days,Radha finds it difficult to make both her ends meet

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    My mother always asks us to close the fan when we leave the room

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    If she does not get more high salary,she will resign

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    The parents should not discriminate from the girl child

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    Shakespeare's play Macbeth is another of his greatest works

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    Some schools require children to wear black leather expensive shoes

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    It is a good thing for him should recognize his faults

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    Prior than taking his decisions,he always consults a lawyer

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    He does not know what the university is

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    The Prime minister called on the president

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    No sooner did we reach the railway station when it began to rain

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    Well-bred children always listen to their parents advice

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    We have not met since then,neither did I wish to meet him now

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    Even she had taken a taxi,she would have been late

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    He felt sure of his success,though he was beginning to get worried

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    Most rhapsodical nonsense has been written about 'Mona Lisa' and her enigmatic smile and there have been endless speculations as to her character and meaning of the expression.It is all beside the mark.The truth is that Mona Lisa is a work of modeling.Leonardo da Vinci had discovered that expression of smiling is much more a matter of modeling of the cheek and of the forms below the eye than of the change in the line of the lips.It interested him to produce a smile wholly by  these delicate changes of surface;hence the mysterious expression

     

    The word rhapsodical as used in the passage means

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    Mona Lisa is the name of

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    The truth about Mona Lisa is that it is a study in

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    The painter was able to produce that strange smile on Mona Lisa's face by

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    The author of the above passage has examined 'Mona Lisa' from

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    It is possible to give wedding presents,birthday and Christmas presents,without any thought of affection at all,they can be ordered by postcard;but the unbirthday present give the nicest care.It is therefore the best of all and it is the only kind to which the golden rule of present-giving imperatively applies-the golden rule which insists that you must never give anything to any person that you would not rather keep;nothing that does not cost you a pang to part from.It would be nice if this rule governed the choice also of other three varieties of gifts,but they can be less exacting.

    The author says that wedding,birthday and christmas presents

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    'They can be ordered by postcard' means that

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    The 'unbirthday present' is the best of all because

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    A golden rule is a rule which is

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    The writer is of the view that one should give a present that

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    People project their mental processes into handwriting.They subconsiously shape and organise their letters,words and lines in ways that directly reflect their personalities.This explains why no two handwritings are-or even can be-alike;the medium is just too personal.Everyday observation explains the link between handwriting and personality,atleast in an elementary way.Precise people construct their words with care,slowly and exactly;dynamic people dash them off.Flamboyant people boldly cover half a page with a few words and a signature,whose size fittingly reflects their expansive sense of self.Most of us have made such observations.But it takes a practised eye to discern the scores of variations and interpret the subtle interplay of forces at work ina ny given handwriting.In fact in Europe,handwriting analysis known as graphology,now enjoys scientific acceptance and common use.

     

    If you are a showy and colorful person,your handwriting is likely to be

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    Graphology is

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    Handwriting analysis is

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    According to the author people are

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    The fact that handwriitng is related to personality

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    The simplest method of welding two pieces of metal together is known as pressure welding.The ends of a metal are heated to a white heat-for iron,the welding temperature should be about 1300°C-in a flame.At this temperature the metal becomes plastic.The ends are pressed or hammered together,and the joint is smoothed off.Care must be taken to ensure that surfaces are thoroughly clean first,for dirt will weaken the weld.Moreover,the heating of iron or steel to a high temperature cause oxidation,and a film of oxide is added to the heated surfaces.For this reason,flux is applied to the heated metal.At welding heat,flux melts and the oxide particles are dissolved in it together with any other impurities which may be present.The metal surfaces are pressed together,and the flux is squeezed out from the center of the weld.A number of different types of weld may be used,but for fairly thick bars of metals,a vee-shaped belt should be normally employed.It is rather stronger than ordinary butt weld.

    The simplest way of welding two pieces of metal together is 

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    Unless the surfaces are cleaned first

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    When iron is heated to 1300°C,

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    The flux is used to

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    For fairly thick bars of metals

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    SYNONYMS

    All these items have been marked down

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    How can you have the effrontery to ask for another loan?

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    There was a devastating attack on his work

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    The committee conducted an exhaustive enquiry

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    He is just laying up a lot of trouble for himself

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    He fought the demon with all his might

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    Devotees believe God dwells in their heart

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    No one can respond to a difficult situation quickly

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    The sage did not want to be bothered with mundane concerns

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    Mountaineering in bad weather is dangerous

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    Stellar grouping tend to be unlimited

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    One who rules with unlimited power is called a dictator

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    He was not ready with his annual accounts

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    Society cannot depend upon a fanatic for guidance

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    A busy person cannot waste his time on trivial issues

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    The officer exaggerated the damage caused by the rowdies

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    The speaker was unable to pacify the crowd

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    His officer was a very strict person

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    Servitude is not helpful for mental growth

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    His attitude to poor people is deplorable

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    The guest made derogatory remarks about the food he was served

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    He has an aversion to milk

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    The paucity of good teachers is the chief reason for the present condition of these schools

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    Don't you think his account of things was monotonous?

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    Spurious drugs can prove to be fatal

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    We must not ----------------- the real and important advances science has made

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    These trousers are too long,-------------- the length please

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    'What did you think of the film?-------------I didn't like it very much'

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    He --------------- in this school since 2010

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    'His parents died when he was young.I think that's why he has --------------- problems'

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    ---------------- if he is willing to fit in with the plans of the group

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    Having secured the highest marks in the class,---------------------

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    After they -----------lunch,the boys ran outside

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    As he was ------------------ and had saved enough money,his family escaped misery when he died suddenly

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    Some mysteries remain in desert research,especially relating to why some regions once fertile are now ---------------------



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